The Central Organization for Standardization and Quality Control (COSQC) held a seminar, in the presence of the Iraqi Association for barcode (IAB) and a number of distinguished local producers.
At the beginning of the
symposium, the President of (COSQC) Dr.
Hussein Ali Nasser presented the role of the agency in setting standards and
quality systems and the importance of the commitment of producers to it and
developing working methods in accordance with the approved Iraqi and international standards.
Then the CEO of the Barcode
Association (IAB), Eng. Hussein Zangana, spoke in detail about the association and its goals, and he also
touched on membership application and
the stages it reached with the international organization GS1.
Then one of the association’s
employees gave a comprehensive presentation of the global barcode system.
the work is done by specialized laboratories and staff of engineers, chemists,
physicists, biologists, administrative and others.
Organization for Standardization and Quality
Control (COSQC) in Iraq consists of three directorates directly connected to
the president of the Organization and each headed by a general director and are
Directorate of Standardization
Directorate of Quality Control
Directorate of Administrative and Technical services
The Indonesian commercial representative in Baghdad hosted the Iraqi Barcode Association(IAB) to discuss the possibility of the Indonesian companies operating in Iraq obtaining the Iraqi barcode numbers.
There are a number of different types
of barcode languages (data carriers) to satisfy the many types of barcode
The UPC-12 is the most widely used
and most recognized symbol in the United States. Its primary usage has
been for product identification in the retail industry.
This symbol has a fixed length of
twelve numeric characters. The data encoded within a UPC-A conforms to a
standardized format (See illustration). The twelfth digit of a UPC-A symbol is
a calculated check character computed from the eleven prior numbers.
UPC-E only codifies 8 numbers. This
data carrier is referred as “zero suppressed” since it represents a
condensed version of the twelve data characters of a UPC.
EAN-13 bar code is exactly the same
as a UPC-12, however the first digit is not assumed to a zero. All scanners
which are able to read a UPC-12 can also read an EAN-13. This barcode is
widely used globally outside of the United States.
Code 3 of 9 (Code 39)
Code 3 of 9 (also referred to as Code
39) is a very common bar code language which can represent alphanumeric
characters of varying length. The start/stop characters for Code 39
symbols is always an asterisk.
Interleaved 2 of 5 (I 2/5)
Interleaved 2/5 is a high density code
of variable length. Only an even number of numeric data can be encoded
within this symbol. This “double density” symbol encodes odd positioned data in
the bars, and even positioned data in the spaces.
The ITF-14, is used to mark cartons,
cases, or pallets that contain products which have UPC or EAN identification
numbers. The container symbols are used by retailers, manufacturers, and
distributors for accurate logistical and inventory handling. The data carrier
used to encode the ITF-14 is Interleaved 2of5.
Code 128 is a very compact and
versatile language which allows the encodation of the entire 128 ASCII
character set. This symbology is self-checking and is designed with geometric
features to improve scanner read performance.
This language is a variation of the
Code 128 symbology designed primarily for product/shipment identification
applications. The GS1-128 specification uses the same code set as Code 128,
however a special character (function 1) is used as part of the start code in
the symbol. In addition, this symbol symbol utilizes standardized
application identifiers (AI’s).
The GS1 DataBar (formerly known as
RSS or Reduced Space Symbology) was formally adopted by the global supply chain
in January 2011. It can carry all 14 digits of a
manufacture’s GTIN and is more than 50% smaller than the currently
used UPC and EAN symbols.
Codabar is a self-checking language
which encodes 16 data characters:0-9,6 special characters (-$:/.+).
The Postnet (Postal Numerical
Encoding Technique) barcode was developed by the US Postal Service to encode
ZIP code information on letter mail. Postnet symbols differ from other
barcodes, because the individual barcode height alternates rather than the bar
QR Code is a 2 dimensional barcode,
commonly used for mobile marketing campaigns.
PDF417 is a high density, two
dimensional barcode consisting essentially of stacked lower barcode sets. This
symbology is able to encode all the ASCII table characters (255).
In Feb. 2018 , Mr. zangana and Mr. Kiss Al khafaji, Founding members of the (IAB) in one of the meeting with producers and retailers important to promote the barcode system and the objectives sought by (IAB).